Africa Climate Watch: Nigeria in Focus
Africa’s most populous nation, Nigeria, is a crude oil producing country. The West African country is found in the tropics. It experiences the Tropical monsoon climate; where the climate is seasonally damp and humid in the southern part and regular sunshine in the northern. The country has a population of 182 million people and a median age of eighteen years (National Population Commission 2016). The country has averaged a GDP annual growth rate of 3.95 percent from 1982 to 2016 (National Bureau of Statistics 2017). The fossil fuel producing country is the seventh largest gas flaring nation in the world and it contributes 40 percent of all of Africa’s flared gas (GGFR World Bank 2016; Bukola Saraki 2017). In agriculture, pastoral farming is the predominate method for cattle rearing. Changes in climatic condition will likely have massive negative effect on the people, as about 70 percent of its population live below the poverty line of $ 1.90 per day (Poverty and Equity Data 2016, World Bank).
To avoid the negative effects of climate change and also improve the country’s infrastructure and citizens live, The Federal Government of Nigeria presented a document known as Nigeria’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), at the Paris Conference on Climate Change in December, 2015. The document, which was prepared by the Federal Ministry of Environment, highlighted actions Nigeria was willing to take to ensure it contributes its quota to combating Climate Change. This means the country is part of the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP-UNFCCC).
Two years after its adoption, there is a need to examine the country’s progress on their contribution. Nigeria’s vision 2000 and vision 2010 were aimed at tackling the economy, education, urbanization, unemployment, corruption, and infrastructure. However, these did not materialise, as they turned out to be white elephant targets. The country presently has more than 10.5 million children out of school (UNICEF 2017) and an unemployment rate of 14.2 percent means 28.58 million people of its working population are unemployed (National Bureau of Statistics 2017). These, and some other statistics, are indications that the country may not meet its vision 20:2020, aimed to position the country as one of the top twenty economies by the year 2020. With this record of lack of political will to see visions to achievements, it is necessary for well-meaning citizens and organisations to check the progress of Nigeria on vision 2030. The Pan African Centre for Climate Policy (PAAC Policy) and Africa Resilient Collaborative (ARC), on the African Climate Watch project, have developed their first report on the progress of Nigeria’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC). The report analysis the successes and challenges of Nigeria on its 2030 targets and also proffered solutions to some of the challenges. We encourage you to read the report and help Nigeria achieve its targets by suggesting solutions to the challenges, as we collectively aim to make the world more habitable.